The local press has been strangely silent on the internal machinations of the many hundreds of delegates working feverishly on the details of the 'deal' that is the highlight of these gatherings. No doubt the final encyclical will be announced with great fanfare in the closing hours of the conference. As always, it will be hailed as another great step in saving the world from calamity. As always, it will take many months before the real impact of the conference is properly evaluated.
Despite all the eloquent words that have been uttered, despite the well meaning commitments of the developed world, despite the positive vibe of it, this conference, like its predecessors, will not deliver to its hype. Not that the many delegate countries will not try, nor that they will not succeed in achieving their pledged reductions. No doubt most of the developed world will try, and will succeed to various degrees. But despite these efforts there is a 'fly in the ointment'. Indeed it is more of a mammoth than a fly. It is China.
Figure 1 China is the largest emitter by far
China, the industrial behemoth that has driven world commerce for the past decade, has made no pledges to reduce its emissions. It has committed to peak its emissions by 2030 and then reduce its carbon intensity by 60% by 2030. Putting carbon intensity aside, China's bid is sheer chutzpah, With already by far the greatest emission rate in the world (see Figure 1), virtually double that of the US, China is not committing to reduce its emissions at all. In fact it has pledged to keep increasing its emissions year on year for the next 15 years!
Figure 2 China's per capita emissions equal to Europe's
China is not only the worlds largest emitter by a large margin, but, perhaps contrary to popular belief, its per capita emissions are not developing world standard. China's per capita emissions are equal to that of Europe, and rising (see Figure 2 above). There is no validity to claims that it needs 'special treatment' because it is a 'developing' nation, so it should accept its fair share of the effort in reducing the world's emissions.
Figure 3 China's GDP much lower than developed world
Without China taking real and effective action there is no hope of the world achieving a 2 degree ceiling on global warming.
No matter how eloquent the words of that final resolution, without a commitment by the world's largest emitter they will be just hot air.